Monday, September 10, 2018

What the Battle of Pulang Lupa is all about



Video: Philippine-American War in Marinduque 1900.-1901. Historical photos and footages on the commemoration of the Battle of Pulang Lupa in Marinduque. Featuring "Awit sa Pulang Lupa" written and composed by Eli J. Obligacion, with Teatro Balangaw and Marinduque Provincial Capitol Choir..


Battle of Pulang Lupa, September 13, 1900

From 1899-1901 during the Philippine American War there were numerous encounters between Philippine and American Forces. In seven of the engagements where Filipinos had the upper hand that spelled victory, two of them occurred in the island of Marinduque. (These were the Battle of Paye, and the Battle of Pulang Lupa).

The other Filipino victories took place in the Battle of San Mateo (Morong), Siege of Catubig (Samar), Battle of Makahambos Hill, Battle of Mabitac, Battle of Balangiga (Samar).

The Battle of Pulang Lupa, however, is considered a milestone in Philippine History. This was the engagement that sent shock waves through the American high command and was considered the worst defeat suffered by the Americans during that war.

This battle however, led to the first application in the Philippines of concentration camps in the island’s town centers, a highly coercive measure that finally led to the surrender of the Filipino soldiers led by Lt. Col. Maximo Abad with his remaining men on April 15, 1901.

The success of this population concentration first experimented in Marinduque was then applied to other provinces in the country including Batangas, Laguna and Samar.

Of the harshness and hardships suffered by the people of Marinduque, Gov. Gen. William H. Taft, future U.S. president said: “The severity with which the inhabitants have been dealt with would not look well if a complete history were written out”.

Some details of that history appears in The U.S. Army's Pacification of Marinduque, Philippine Islands, April 1900-April 1901 by Andrew J. Birtle.



On the Battle of Pulang Lupa that took place on September 13, 1900, Birtle wrote in part:

“While the Boac garrison cowered, Shields endeavored to maintain some semblance of pressure on the guerrillas, making thirteen expeditions during July and August. None of these operations went more than ten miles from Santa Cruz, which, like Boac, was down to about twenty-five percent of its pre-occupation population. Protected by the people and the island's difficult topography, Abad easily avoided Shields. In August, however, Shields made some headway on the civil front, organizing the election of a pro-American mayor and arresting twenty-five civilians on charges of aiding the guerrillas.

"On 11 September, Shields decided to take advantage of a visit by the gunboat U.S.S. Villalobos. Leaving Lieutenant Wilson and forty-one men to hold Santa Cruz, he loaded fifty-one enlisted men, a hospital corps-man, and his black servant onto the gunboat and sailed to Torrijos, disembarking that evening. The next day he had his first contact with insurgent forces since his company had been on the island, dispersing a band of twenty guerrillas and destroying their cuartel.

"On the thirteenth, Shields led his detachment into the mountains with the intention of returning to Santa Cruz. Well informed about Shields's movements, Abad had concentrated nearly his entire force of approximately 250 riflemen and 2,000 bolomen along a steep ridge overlooking the trail. Shields walked right into the ambush. A fire fight ensued for several hours before Shields ordered a retreat into a covered ravine. What began as a slow withdrawal quickly turned into a race down a rocky stream bed, as the Americans scrambled to escape the pincers that were moving to surround them. After retreating for about three and a half miles, the beleaguered detachment entered a rice field near the barrio of Massiquisie (Masagisi). Here renewed enemy fire forced the Americans to take cover behind some paddy dikes. Shields fell seriously wounded.

"After ordering that a message be passed to the senior NCO, Sergeant James A. Gwynne, to lead the command out of the closing trap, Shields raised a white flag to surrender himself and the other wounded. The insurgents thought the flag meant that the command was surrendering. So too did Gwynne, who later claimed never to have received the escape order, and thus the entire force lay down its arms. All told, the Insurgents killed four Americans and captured fifty, six of whom, including Shields, were wounded. Shields later claimed that the Filipinos lost thirty dead, though this number was never confirmed.

"After months of hiding, Abad in a few short hours had destroyed nearly a third of the entire American garrison on Marinduque.”



Recognizing the Battle of Pulang Lupa:

While the Battle of Pulang Lupa is not mentioned in Philippine History textbooks, it has been commemorated annually in Marinduque since 1965.

The Battle of Pulang Lupa was first celebrated in Marinduque on September 13, 1965, during the incumbency of President Diosdado Macapagal, with Miguel Manguera as governor of Marinduque. 

The event was then known at that time in press releases as “Marinduque Day” by virtue of Macapagal’s Proclamation 435. The following year, under President Ferdinand Marcos (under Proclamation No. 104), September 13 was likewise declared as a special public holiday in Marinduque the more to inspire the people "to greater deeds for their country".

A similar Proclamation No. 2306 s. 1983 was issued by Marcos declaring a special public holiday in Marinduque to commemorate the heroism of our forefathers in the 'Battle of Pulang Lupa'. 

During the Second Regular Session of Congress (1988), however, Republic Act No. 6702 was passed, an Act declaring September Thirteen as “Battle of Pulang Lupa Day” and a Special Non-Working Holiday in the Province of Marinduque. This was sponsored by then Cong. Carmencita O. Reyes and was finally passed on September 22, 1988 (by Congress) and December 2, 1988 (by Senate) respectively. The Act lapsed after the prescribed period and came into force without the signature of President Corazon C. Aquino.

Susong Dalaga Hill

Susong Dalaga Hill
Susong Dalaga Hill from Bagtasan isthmus

Date and Time

Blog Archive

Total Pageviews

Popular Posts

Followers

Space Weather

Space Weather
What's up in space

Categories

Adeline Angeles ADVENTURE SERIES ALAIN MADRIGAL ALLAN VELASCO AMOINGON ARAW NG MARINDUQUE ARCHAEOLOGY Argao AWARENESS BAGTINGON Bahaghari BANTAY-KASO Barrick Gold BATTLE OF MASAGUISI BATTLE OF MORIONS BATTLE OF PAYE BATTLE OF PULANG LUPA Bishop Marcelino Antonio Maralit Jr Bishop Reynaldo Evangelista BOAC BOAC CATHEDRAL BUENAVISTA BULONG Bunganay BUTTERFLY CAPITOL BUILDING CAPITOL CHOIR Cardinal Ricardo Vidal CARMENCITA REYES CAWIT PORT CBCP CEMETERIO DE TAMPUS CENSORSHIP CHANGE CINEMALAYA CLIMATE CHANGE COA Report COLONIAL HOUSES Conflict CONG. LORD ALLAN VELASCO CORRUPTION CORY AQUINO Curt Shepard Dengvaxia victims DISASTER DONA PAZ DPWH DR. ANTONIO UY DTI DUTERTE EARTHQUAKE ECO-TOURISM EDSA Elections 2010 Elections 2013 Elections 2016 ELI OBLIGACION ENVIRONMENT EVENTS EXTREME MARINDUQUE FEATURED SITES GALLEONS GASAN GASANG-GASANG FESTIVAL GASPAR ISLAND GOV. BONG CARRION Guisian HEALTH HERMENEGILDO FLORES Hinanggayon HINULUGAN FALLS HOBIE HOLY WEEK JOSE F. ALVAREZ JOSEPH EMIL BIGGEL Joseph Laban JR LABRADOR JUSTICE PRESBY VELASCO Kalesayahan KALUTANG KURAY LAYLAY LETTER TO GOVERNOR LONGHINO Lorna-Quinto Velasco LUBANG FAULT LUZON DATUM OF 1911 Mabusay Falls MACEC MALINDIG Maniwaya Marcopper MARELCO MARINDUQUE AIRPORT MARINDUQUE AKIN KA MARINDUQUE CULTURE MARINDUQUE ELECTIONS 2013 MARINDUQUE FIRST SATURDAY MOVERS MARINDUQUE HISTORY MARINDUQUE HISTORY CONFERENCE MARINDUQUE INFRA PROJECTS Marinduque Politics MARINDUQUE STATE COLLEGE MARINDUQUE TOURISM MARINDUQUE VIDEO MARTIN LARDIZABAL MAXIMO ABAD MIMAROPA MOGPOG MORIONES 2009 MORIONES FESTIVAL Moriones Festival '10 Moriones Festival '12 MORIONES FESTIVAL 08 MORIONES FESTIVAL 09 MORYONAN MSC SAMBAYANG SINING LAHI MUTYA NG MARINDUQUE Myke Magalang NCCA NORWEGIAN MISSION ALLIANCE PASTORES PASYONDULA PASSION PLAY Paye PEOPLE PERCIVAL MORALES PH HISTORY PHILIPPINE ARTS FESTIVAL Places PNP Poctoy Beach Pope Francis Pork Barrel POWER OUTAGE Pres. Benigno S. Aquino Presiden PRESIDENT DUTERTE Princess of the Stars PRRM PUTONG RAMON MADRIGAL Raymond Go ROBERTO MADLA Romulo Bacorro Russel Madrigal SAKAMAR SAN ISIDRO CAVE Sangguniang Panlalawigan Sawi Sayao Bay SCUBA DIVING SEA TRAVEL SCHEDULES SEAIR SENEN LIVELO Silangan South China Sea SPACE STA. CRUZ STATE OF THE PROVINCE ADDRESS STTC ASSEMBLY Susong Dalaga Hill TARUG CAVE TD Vinta TEATRO BALANGAW TEOFILO N. ROQUE TON MONTEAGUDO TORRIJOS TOTO NEPOMUCENO Treasure Hunt TRES REYES ISLANDS TRIVIA Tumagabok Falls TYPHOON "FRANK" TYPHOON "ONDOY" Typhoon NinaPH Typhoon URDUJA VERDE ISLAND PASSAGE Vicky Lao-Lim VIVA MARINDUQUE 2008 VIVA MARINDUQUE 2009 VIVA MARINDUQUE REPORT WALANG SUGAT WEEKLY MARINDUQUE WEN VELASCO WORLD WW2 WW3 YESHUA YOOK

Quick news, photos, videos, culture, tourism, history and all that there is on the island of Marinduque, Philippines. "VIVA MARINDUQUE!" www.marinduquegov.blogspot.com

Marinduque Rising | www.marinduquegov.blogspot.com | (c) 2007. Powered by Blogger.