Sunday, July 30, 2017

Matinding record baya (Part 4): Bombahan nadagdagan pa; mga banggaan; binasag pa ang world record!

Noong 2010, nanguna ang Pilipinas sa pagdiwang ng Día del Galeón. Naglayag mula Spain to China hanggang Manila ang isang replica ng Galeón Andalucía, isa sa mga bumida noong Galleon Trade (1565-1815).

PAGDATING NG BAGONG SIGLO.

July 17, 1902

SHEARWATER
NINETEEN DROWNED

U. S. Customs Steamer Lost in a Typhoon in the Philippines.

Manila, July 17,—A severe typhoon swept over the southern islands June 14 and 15. The United States customs steamer SHEARWATER was lost off the Island of Marinduque. Nineteen of her crew, including three Americans were drowned. - Manitoba Morning Free Press, July 18, 1902
...................
December 10, 1916
LANAO
Among the many incidents of the great storm was the wrecking of the steamer LANAO off the southwest coast of Marinduque with the loss of one life and one engineer seriously injured. The vessel belonged to Messrs. Findlay, Richardson and Company and was engaged in the lumber trade, plying between Manila and the Company's mills at Kolambugan, Mindanao.
The vessel was carrying two passengers at the time, one of whom, curious to say, was Mr. William Scott, the manager of the company. It seems to be little short of a miracle that the officers, crew and passengers, with the exception of one Filipino sailor, should have been saved, as it meant the survivors leaping in the darkness from the bow of the doomed vessel to a huge rock near the mainland while the ship was being buffeted by the waves as the tempest raged in all its fury. - North China Herald, January 8, 1916.
.....................
July 4, 1939
NURIA
CREW RESCUED AS SHIP SINKS
(On voyage from Masbate to Manila)
MANILA, July 5 (IP)—Four officers and twenty-nine crew members rowed to shore in lifeboats last night after the 463-ton inter-island freighter NURIA sank four miles off Buenavista, Marinduque island. The Nuria, loaded with lumber and charcoal, filled with water and sank when the propeller shaft broke off. -Reno Evening Gazette, July 5, 1939
..................

WORLD WAR II na!

Ang pag-atake naman ng mga Hapon sa Pearl Harbor ay naganap December 7, 1941 (December 8 sa Pilipinas dahil sa time difference), at isinunod na kaagad sa loob ng pitong oras ang pag-atake sa Pilipinas. Nilusob na ng Hapon ang overseas territories sa Asia ng United Kingdom, Netherlands at United States.

Wreck site of Meikai Maru and Indus Maru
Walang ipinatupad kaagad na plano ang US para depensahan ang Pilipinas kaya naiwan ang huli sa ere. Bagamat may mga lokal na puwersang lumalaban, madaling naokupa ng mga Hapon ang teritoryo - at ang Marinduque. 

Pagdating ng 1943 ay naging aktibo na ang palihim na operasyon ng US sa dagat ng Marinduque gamit ang mga submarino at pag-atake sa mga warships ng Hapon na umiikot sa Silangan, Kanluran, Hilaga at Timog ng isla ng Marinduque - sa gitna ng Pilipinas.

May 15, 1943
MEIKAI MARU and INDUS MARU

USS Gar (Lt.Cdr. P.D. Quirk) torpedoes and sinks the Japanese transport ships MEIKAI MARU (3197 BRT) and INDUS MARU (4361 BRT) between Dumali Point, Mindoro and Marinduque Island, Philippines in position 13.07N, 121.49E.

Indus Maru
Another account of the same incident:
On May 15th, 1943, US submarine Gar (SS-206) attacks a Japanese convoy screened by escort vessel Matsuwa, at the eastern entrance of Verde Island passage, and sinks Japanese army cargo ships Meikai Maru and Indus Maru between Dumali Point, Mindoro, and Marinduque Island, P.I.
..................
Isuzu Maru

July 2, 1943
ISUZU MARU
USS Trout (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Clark) torpedoes and sinks the Japanese transport ship ISUZU MARU (2866 BRT) off the north coast of Marinduque Island, Philippines in position 13.36N, 121.49E.
ISUZU MARU, army cargo steamship owned by Hinode Kisen K.K.; Built in 1939 by Tsurumi Seitetsu Kosen.
Ang USS Trout naman ay isang US submarine. Nakapagpalubog ng 23 barko ng kalaban, at nakasira ng 6 pa.  Nakapagdala rin ito ng ammunition para sa mga US forces sa Corregidor, at nakapagpuslit ng 20 tonelada ng gold bars at silver pesos mula sa PH currency reserve papuntang Pearl Harbor.


Dito napalubog ang Isuzu Maru base sa tala.

Ang steamship Isuzu Maru ay tinira (apat na torpedo ang pinakawalan), at pinalubog ng USS Trout sa Kanluran ng Marinduque. Noong April 1944, wala nang narinig sa Trout at ipinalagay na lamang na naglaho na ito.
..................
August 27, 1943
MEIZAN MARU
(Meizan Maru ang pinakahuling dagdag sa talaan ng mga lumubog na warships sa Marinduque noong WW2).
Cruising in the area, submarine USS Grayling recorded her last kill, the passenger-cargo MEIZAN MARU on 27 August. After passing Tres Reyes Islands her target turned towards the southern coast of Marinduque.
Grayling hit the target, with "several rounds of 20 MM fire hit the target forward and amidship" and the Maru ran aground.

Grayling was not heard from again after 9 September. She was scheduled to make a radio report on 12 September and all attempts to contact her failed. Grayling was officially reported "lost with all hands" 30 September 1943.



November 25, 1944
T.6 and T.10;
T.9 and TAKE

Balanacan Harbor, Marinduque

Planes from the U.S. Aircraft carrier Intrepid (CV-11) sink fast transports T.6 and T.10, and damage fast transport T.9 and escort destroyer TAKE. 

Full account of the Balanacan harbor bombing of the Japanese warships with aerial photos, official military documents and personal accounts could be accessed here courtesy of UlongBeach.com.


Actual Balanacan harbor bombing. Source: UlongBeach.com
Basahin din ang makasaysayang mga detalye, kasama na ang mga mahahalagang dokumento at mga larawan na may kinalaman sa pagpapalaya sa Marinduque mula sa mga Hapon at iba pang lugar mulang Enero 1945, sa US WW2 Marinduque Naval Invasion, Ulong.Beach.com.
..................

Peacetime na. Tuloy pa rin ang mga kabanata sa Sea of Marinduque. Mas naging kagimbal-gimbal pa.

June 25, 1955

NEPTUNO

186 PERSONS RESCUED FROM GROUNDED SHIP

MANILA, June 25-UP— The master of an American freighter told  Saturday night how his crew used small boats to remove 186 panicky persons mostly women and children from a grounded vessel.
Capt. James Brummelen of the Steel Admiral said everyone was removed from the Philippine coastal vessel NEPTUNO in the three-hour dawn rescue Friday. There were 111 women and 75 children aboard.
It was "simple luck" that led to the rescue in the Sibuyan Sea south of here Brummelen said afterwards he brought all survivors to Manila aboard his 8,000-ton freighter Friday night. The first clue he had that a ship was in distress was blinking lights in the distance.
The 680-ton Neptuno, a hole torn in its bottom, was perched atop a reef just off Marinduque Island.  His crew removed the passengers and crew In small boats on a basis of "women and children first” he said.  “Visibility was very poor and the sea current in the area was rather unusually tricky” the captain added...- Galveston Daily News June 26, 1955
...................
November 27, 1974
M/V HALCON
TYPHOON IRMA
The Philippines Constabulary said four persons drowned and three were reported missing from a boat that capsized off Boac, Marinduque, 100 miles southeast of Manila. The boat carried 102 passengers, the constabulary said.- Lima News, November 29 1974
Mula naman sa PH Coast Guard records:
M/V Halcon, BMI-223-74, (Grounding), Vicinity of Cawit, Boac, Marinduque, 27 Nov 74.
Dumali Point and Marinduque
May 12, 1978
M/V PACIFIC; LSCO Petro Parcel
BMI-348-78; Sinking/Collision; Vicinity of Dumali Point, Or. Mindoro; 12 May 78; Master suspended for 4 years, third mate suspended for 2 years.

April 22, 1980
M/V DON JUAN
400 LOST AS TANKER RAMS SHIP
MANILA,'Philippines (DPI) – An oil tanker rammed a crowded inter-island passenger ship in the Tablas Strait in the central Philippines. The Coast Guard reported 400 people aboard were missing.  The Coast Guard said more than 500 passengers and crew members were rescued by passing ships in the area, about 120 miles south of Manila.
The government-owned Philippines News Agency said there were 10 people known dead in the collision, but the government radio listed the death toll at seven. The tanker, the government-owned TACLOBAN CITY, reportedly was empty and was said to have left the scene of the collision without rendering assistance to those in the water. The passenger ship, the MV DON JUAN, sank near Mindoro Island.

The 1,349-ton Don Juan left Manila's South Harbor Tuesday afternoon for the central Philippine city of Bacolod with about 890 passengers including a complement of 19 officers and 69 crewmen.  Lloyd's Register of Shipping lists the Don Juan as licensed for only 736 passengers.
The coast guard said it had sent underwater rescue teams to scour the waters off Maestre de Campo for more survivors.
A Philippine air force plane also was on standby at the Gasan airport in Marinduque Island near Mindoro to ferry injured passengers...- Chicago Daily Herald,  April 23, 1980
...........
October 28, 1984
VENUS MV; LORCON 8

TYPHOON WARREN

Offshore Marinduque Island, strong waves generated by the storm sunk a 745 t (745,000 kg) vessel, VENUS within three minutes. Officially, the ship consisted of 83 passengers and 42 crewmen when it left Laoang for Samar Island, even though the captain claimed that there were as many as 240 aboard. Later reports indicate that vessel had 200 passengers and 42 crewman on board. A total of 174 were rescued including 96 people that were rescued via a fishing boat and many others that was rescued by fishermen. Twenty-nine people, including two children, drowned due to the incident.
Nearby, a cargo container ship, the LORCON 8, sank, but all 19 crewmen were rescued. Owned by N & S Lines.- Tropical Storm Warren, Wikipedia

December 20, 1987
DONA PAZ; MT VECTOR

4,386 DEAD IN ASIA'S TITANIC; 

World's greatest maritime tragedy - IMO; 
Deadliest peacetime maritime disaster of the 20th century - TIME


Dona Paz
Walang bagyo. Lumubog ang MV DONA PAZ, isang barkong pampasahero matapos ng banggaan sa isang oil tanker MT VECTOR noong December 20, 1987. Tinatayang 4,386 katao ang namatay at 24 lamang ang nakaligtas. Ito na ang pinaka-nakamamatay na peacetime maritime disaster sa kasaysayan ng mundo. Tinawag ito ng TIME magazine na 'deadliest peacetime maritime disaster of the 20th century'.

Nagpalabas noong August 25, 2009, ng isang documentary ang National Geographic Channel tungkol sa Dona Paz na ang titulo ay Asia's Titanic. Panoorin dito. (Kung ihahambing, ang RMS TITANIC na lumubog sa North Atlantic Ocean noong 1912, ay may tinatayang 2,224 na pasahero at crew, at higit sa 1,500 ang namatay).

Ang ruta ng Dona Paz na pag-aari ng Sulpicio Lines ay Manila-Tacloban-Catbalogan-Manila at vice versa dalawang beses isang linggo. Mga 10:30 ng gabi noong magpapasko, Dec. 20, 1987, nasa may Dumali Point, sa Tablas Strait, malapit sa Marinduque nang maganap ang banggaan habang tulog ang karamihan ng mga pasahero. Ang MT Vector oil tanker ay nanggaling sa Bataan papuntang Masbate. May dala itong 8,800 barrels ng gasolina at iba pang petroleum products na pag-aari ng Caltex Philippines.



Ayon sa ilang nakaligtas, ang apoy ay madaling nagliyab at kumalat sa barko, gayundin, ang dagat na nakapaligid sa barko ay umaapoy rin. Ang lalim ng dagat sa bahaging ito ng Tablas Strait ay 545 meters (1,788 ft), lugar na tirahan ng maraming pating.



Lumubog ang Dona Paz sa loob ng dalawang oras matapos ang banggaan. Ang Vector naman ay lumubog sa loob ng apat na oras. Ang liwanag na likha ng umaapoy na dagat ay napanood ng mga nasa western at southwestern coast ng Marinduque habang nagaganap ang trahedya. 
.............
June 11, 1988
PROPANE MARU
PROPANE MARU No. 2-79  546/66 MIPG Carrier owned by Galleon Navigation Co. S.A. Philippine Islands, went aground near Marinduque island during Typhoon Skip 6/11/88 and after being abandoned by her crew the following day sank in deepwater.
.................
August 12, 1989
M/T DON VICTOR
M/T DON VICTOR, BMI-724-89; Grounding; Dapdap, Beach, Sta Cruz, Marinduque; 12 Aug 89.
Ruta ng MV VIVA ANTIPOLO
May 16, 1995
MV VIVA ANTIPOLO

Walang bagyo. Nagkaroon ng pagsabog sa engine room, nasunog at lumubog ang ferry M/V VIVA ANTIPOLO VII, pag-aari ng Viva Shipping, Inc. sa may Dalahican Fish Port, Port of Lucena. Bumiyahe ang barko mula sa Santa Cruz, Marinduque kaya't karamihan sa lulan nito ay mga taga-Marinduque. Nangyari ang insidente mga 30 minuto na lamang bago makarating ang barko sa Dalahican.

Base sa tala ng Board of Marine Inquiry, 62 ang nasawi sa trahedya, 10 ang nawawala at 142 ang nakaligtas. Mula 1606 hanggang 1998 may 150 bilang ng mga barko sa ibat-ibang panig ng mundo na lumubog sa ganito ring petsa.

(TATAPUSIN)

Sources: 

Marinduque WW2 Homepage, UlongBeach.com;
WreckSite.eu;
Marine Accidents from 1972-2009, BMI, Philippine Coast Guard;
List of maritime disasters in the 20th century, Wikiwand;
Top 10 Catastrophic Shipwrecks, Listverse.com
List of Maritime Disasters in the Phil., Wikipedia
Tropical storm Warren, Wikipedia;
Dona Paz, Wikipedia
Manila Galleon, Wikipedia
Replica of Spanish galleon in Manila for Día del Galeón, GMA News;
1st int'l Galleon Day fest, ABS-CBN News;
Attack on Pearl Harbor, Wikipedia;
Japanese occupation of the Philippines, Wikipedia;
A live WW2 mortar, a narrow isthmus to the conical hill..., Marinduque Rising.

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